The Hawaii Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) has executed the planning, design, and implementation of a series of PV test beds for interconnection with various electric utilities in the State of Hawai‘i. A prime example test bed is the one located at Pu’u Wa’awa’a, located on the Big Island of Hawai‘i. See the PV Test Beds in the Micro-Climates of Hawai‘i  section of our website for details.
Two other projects involving PV arrays are also underway. One of these calls for testing of an innovative energy-efficient building powered by renewable energy (including an array of PV panels). The other project will demonstrate the ability of smart grid inverters to mitigate adverse electric grid impacts resulting from high penetration of distributed PV systems. For more details, see the sections of our website entitled Energy Efficiency Research Using a School Classroom  and Smart Grid Inverters for High-Penetration Photovoltaic Applications . HNEI has additional projects involving research, test, and evaluation of grid management efforts. For details, refer to the Energy Storage , Grid Systems , and Hydrogen  research sections of our website.