This is a long standing Hawai‘i Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) project that has been funded by the National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research, and the University of Hawai‘i. The project has resulted in invention of a new technology (called the Flash Carbonization™ process) for producing biocarbons or charcoal. Objectives include scaling-up the process for commercial operations and expanding markets for biocarbons. Feedstocks for the process that have been successfully utilized include woods, agricultural by-products, moist green wastes, various invasive species, and even sewage sludge.
The primary HNEI contact is Michael J. Antal, Jr.  Patents granted to the process have been licensed to Kingsford Products Company and other companies.
For details about this project, see the Biocarbons (Charcoal)  pdf document and Biocarbons (overview)  section of our website. More facts about biocarbons and related research can be seen in the Renewable Resources Research Activities  section. For additional information on related HNEI research activities, see the Biomass , Bio-Renewable Resources  and Biotechnology research areas of our website.