This Hawai‘i Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) project has received over $1 million in funding under several federal government awards. Bio-fuel cells (BFCs) are fuel cells that use enzymatic or microbial biocatalysts to convert chemical energy directly into electricity as a power source. BFC technology has been advanced through a variety of characterization techniques, test cells, and modeling capabilities.
The primary HNEI contacts for the project are Michael J. Cooney  and Bor Yann Liaw . For details about this project, see the Bio-Fuel Cells Project  pdf document. For additional information on HNEI researchers and related HNEI research activities, see the Biomass , Bio-Renewable Resources , Biotechnology , and Fuel Cells  research sections of our website.