HNEI researchers have patented  a UH Flash CarbonizationTM (FC) process for quickly producing high-quality charcoal with high yields which has been scaled up and fitted with a thermal afterburner that destroys all smoke. This FC Demonstration Reactor is being run on a regular basis and product charcoal is available for market studies. Prospective licensees are welcome to visit.
Papers & Proceedings:
- 2011, J.J. Manyà, M.J. Antal, Jr., C.K. Kinoshita, S.M. Masutani, Specific Heat Capacity of Pure Water at 4.0 MPa between 298.15 and 465.65 K , Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 50, Issue 10, pp. 6470-6484.
- 2003, M.J. Antal, Jr., K. Mochidzuki, L.S. Paredes, Flash Carbonization of Biomass , Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol.42 , Issue 16, pp 3690–3699.