HNEI researchers have patented  a UH Flash CarbonizationTM (FC) process for quickly producing high-quality charcoal with high yields which has been scaled up and fitted with a thermal afterburner that destroys all smoke. This FC Demonstration Reactor is being run on a regular basis and product charcoal is available for market studies. Prospective licensees are welcome to visit.
Point Person: M. Antal 
- 2011, Joan J. Manyà, Michael Jerry Antal, Jr., Christopher K. Kinoshita, and Stephen M. Masutani. Specific Heat Capacity of Pure Water at 4.0 MPa between 298.15 and 465.65 K , Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 50 (10), 6470-6484. DOI: 10.1021/ie102462g
- 2003, Michael Jerry Antal, Jr., Kazuhiro Mochidzuki , and Lloyd S. Paredes. Flash Carbonization of Biomass. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res ., 42 (16), pp 3690–3699. DOI: 10.1021/ie0301839