HNEI researchers developed effective control strategies for removal or conversion of contaminants present in product gas from biomass gasification.
Point Person: S. Turn 
- 2001, Scott Q. Turn, Charles M. Kinoshita, Darren M. Ishimura, Ty T. Hiraki, Jiachun Zhou, and Stephen M. Masutani. An Experimental Investigation of Alkali Removal from Biomass Producer Gas Using a Fixed Bed of Solid Sorbent . Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 40 (8), pp 1960–1967. DOI: 10.1021/ie000749i
- 2010, Hong Cui, Scott Q. Turn, Vheissu Keffer, Donald Evans, Thai Tran and Michael Foley. Contaminant Estimates and Removal in Product Gas from Biomass Steam Gasification . Energy Fuels, 24 (2), pp 1222–1233. DOI: 10.1021/ef9010109
- 2013, Hong Cui, Scott Q. Turn, Vheissu Keffer, Donald Evans, Thai Tran, Michael Foley, Study on the fate of metal elements from biomass in a bench-scale fluidized bed gasifier , Fuel, Volume 108, Pages 1-12, ISSN 0016-2361, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.07.029 .