Electrochemical Power Systems Laboratory

Bor Yann Liaw

Specialist
Bor Yann
Liaw
12/12/2013 - 13:36
Address: 

Hawaii Natural Energy Institute
School of Ocean And Earth Science And Technology
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Phone: 
Office: (808) 956-2339; Personal: (808) 428-4976
Fax: 
(808) 956-2336
Email: 
 
COURSES TAUGHT
ME 696V: Advanced Topics in Mechanical Engineering (Functional materials, electrochemistry),
 
RESEARCH ENDEAVORS
Battery and Fuel Cell R&D
  • Bio-Fuel Cells, • Electrochemical in situ characterizations • Micro-power sources • Fundamentals and Bioengineering of Enzymatic Fuel Cells (2003 - present) • Participated in an AFOSR funded MURI project (2005 - 2010) • Participated in an NGA/CIA funded IC Postdoctoral Fellow Research Program (2005 - 2009)
  • Battery life cycle evaluation, analysis, diagnosis, and prognosis (1999 - present)
  • In situ, non-destructive, transient kinetic measurements, techniques, and characterizations — incremental capacity analysis, spectroscopic imaging ellipsometry, thin film porosimetry (2004 - present)
  • Dynamic battery modeling and simulation and experimental validation (1996 - present)
  • Advanced battery evaluation (1995 - present)
  • Advanced rapid charging algorithm development (1997 - 2003)
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, NEDO International Joint Research project on “preparation of zirconia of enhanced oxygen conduction via interface processing” (1994 - 1997)
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Thin tetragonal zirconia films as solid electrolytes (1993 - 1995)
Renewable Energy Technologies
  • Electric energy storage and management (2003 - present)
  • Solar and wind power generation forecasting (2008 - present)
Electric Drive Systems
  • Electric hybrid vehicle testing, data collection and analysis (1994 - present)
  • EV-Ready State and Hyundai Santa Fe e-SUV demonstration, data collection, driving cycle and battery performatnce analyses (1998 - 2003)
  • DARPA EHV National Data Center, collecting and managing data collected from seven national consortia on electric vehicle testing and demonstrations (1994 - 1997)
University of Hawaii Information: 
Specialist (Promotion), Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, 2003 - present
Associate Specialist (Tenure and Promotion), Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, 1996 - 2003
Assistant Specialist, Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, 1995 - 1996
Graduate Faculty, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1990 - present                                                                 Assistant Researcher, Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, September 1989 -1995                                                        
Research Associate, Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, April 1989 - September 1989

 

Other Professional: 
UNIVERSITY/LABORATORY/INSTITUTE ASSIGNMENTS AND AWARDS
07/11 - 09/11    Visiting Faculty, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technology Division, Berkeley, CA.
11/05 - 12/05   Visiting Research Fellow, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, under a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Research Fellow award.
06/05 - 08/05   Summer Research Fellow, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, under an ASEE/ONR Summer Research Fellowship.
06/01 - 11/01    Contract Scientist, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM.
04/94 - 03/97    Recipient, NEDO/MITI International Joint Research Program award on “preparation of zirconia of enhanced oxygen conduction via interface processing”.
03/88 - 03/89    Postdoctoral Fellow, Max-Planck-Institute for Solid State Research, D-7000 Stuttgart 80, West Germany.
 
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES PROVIDED
National and International
2011 - 2012       Chair/Organizer, Joint International Battery Association and Pacific Power Source Symposium 2012 (IBA-PPSS 2012), Waikoloa, HI, January 9-13, 2012.
2011 - present   Invitees to participate in the semi-annual US – Taiwan Workshops on Materials and Systems Challenges in Electrical Energy Storage, sponsored by NSF.
2010 - 2012      Vice Chair, Battery Division, the Electrochemical Society.
2010 - present  Invitees to participate in the semi-annual US-China Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop hosted by US DOE/Argonne National Lab.
2009 - present   Organizer/Chair of the annual series of Pacific Power Source Symposium, Waikoloa, Hawaii, an international meeting on power source systems.
2009 - 2010       Chair/Organizer, Joint International Battery Association and Pacific Power Source Symposium 2010 (IBA-PPSS 2010), Waikoloa, HI, January 11-15, 2010. 
2009 - 2010       Facilitator to assist arrangement of International Energy Agency workshop on Accelerated Life Testing of Batteries (chaired by James Barnes, US DOE), sponsored by the IEA’s Implementing Agreement on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, Waikoloa, Hawaii, January 15 – 17, 2010.
2009 - 2010       Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Pacific Power Source Symposium 2010, as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.
2009 - 2010       Co-organizer, 2010 Taipei Forum on Large Format Lithium Batteries, Tatung University, Taipei, Taiwan, March 18-21, 2010.
2009 - 2010       Symposium co-organizer, Symposia B3 (Batteries for Renewable Energy Storage) and B6 (Economics and Policy Issues in Energy Conversion, Transmission, and Storage), the 217th Electrochem. Soc. Meeting, Vancouver, April 25-30, 2010.
2008 - 2010      Treasurer, Battery Division, the Electrochemical Society.
2007 - 2008      Co-organizer, 2008 Taipei Forum on Large Format Rechargeable Lithium Batteries, Tatung University, Taipei, Taiwan, January 31-February 1, 2008.
2006 - 2008      Chair, Young Faculty Travel Award Committee, Battery Division, the Electrochemical Society.
2006 - 2008      At-Large Member, Executive Committee, Battery Division, the Electrochemical Society.
2006 - 2007       Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Hawaii Battery Conference 2006, published as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.
2006 - present   Assoc. Editor, J. Asian Electric Vehicles.
2005 - 2006       Chair/Organizer, Joint International Battery Association and Hawaii Battery Conference 2006 (IBA-HBC 2006), Waikoloa, HI, January 9-12, 2006. 
2005 - present   Member, Executive Committee, International Battery Association.
2004 - 2005       Chair, Battery Technology Award Committee, Battery Division, the Electrochemical Society.
2003 - 2004       Member, Battery Technology Award Committee, Battery Division, the Electrochemical Society.
2001 - 2002       Co-organizer, Symposium: Power Source Modeling, The 202th Electrochemical Society Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, October 20-25, 2002.
1994 - 1996      Secretary, International Society of Solid State Ionics (ISSI).
Active                 Journal Referees: average 1-3 manuscripts review per month for J. Power Sources, Electrochim. Acta, J. Electrochem. Soc., Electrochem. Solid State Lett., J. Chem. Engr. Data, Physical Chemistry, Electrochem. Comm., J. Appl. Electrochem., J. Electroanal. Chem., IEEE Transactions, Applied Energy, ASME, Atmosph. Environ. Int. J. Energy Res., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy., Phys. Rev. Lett., SAE Trans. etc.
Active                 Reviewers: proposal reviews for NSF, CEC/PEER, DOE/SBIR, DOE/BES, ACS/Petroleum Res. Fund, etc.
 
State of Hawaii
2008 - present    Member, Transportation Working Group, under Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative.
1994 - present    Judges, Hawaii State Science Fairs.
1994 - present    Mentors, Hawaii State Science Fairs.
 
University of Hawaii
Since 2009      Member, participating in the Renewable Energy and Island Sustainability (REIS), Green Holmes Hall Initiative (GHHI), and other College of Engineering led initiatives and proposal submissions.
Since 2005      Member, TPRC, UHM (2005-6, 2009-10).
Since 1990      Graduate faculty, Graduate Div. UHM.
Since 1990      Affiliated faculty, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UHM.
 
School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST)/Hawaii Natural Energy Institute (HNEI)
2001 - 2007       Member, SOEST Computer Committee.
1997 - present   Member, Department Personnel Committee, HNEI.
08/06 - 01/07     Co-Host (w/Michael Cooney), Professor Shelley D. Minteer’s sabbatical (Chemistry Dept, Saint Louise University, MO).
04/06 - 03/07     Host, Professor Juan Carlos Viera Perez’s sabbatical (EE Dept, University of Oviedo, Asturias, Spain), with a grant from Spain Ministry of Education through a joint proposal.
03/11 - 05/11     Host, Professor She-Huang Wu’s sabbatical (MSE, Tatung University, Taipei, Taiwan).
 
Student and Staff Supervision
Researchers:         Nicolas Gaillard (2009-present), Matthieu, Dubarry (2010-present), Fred von Preissig (2002), Xiao-Guang Yang (2002).
Postdoc Fellows:  Shengxi Li (2011-present), Chien-Chao Chiu (2009-11), Nahong Zhao (2009-10), Jin-Suk Kim (2009-10), Mikael Cugnet (2008-09), Carolin Lau (2007-09), Dongmei Sun (2007-08), Daniel Scott (2006-09), Matthieu Dubarry (2005-10), Vojtech Svoboda (2005-08), Forest Quinlan (2004-06), Evren Gunen (2004-05), Balaji Krishnamurthy (2003), Xiao-Guang Yang (1999-2002), Mingming Geng (1997), Xinying Lu (1997), Yi Ding (1992-94).
Research Assoc.:  Elton Wong (2011-present), Keith Bethune (2000-02), Mark Abe (2000-01), Russ Owens (1998-2000), Darren Ishimura (1995-96), Milton Staackmann (1995-98), Larry Schmitt (1992-97), David Copson (1991), Peng Long Tao (1989-92).
PhD Dissert.:         Shengxi Li (2006-2010), Sunil Sinha (1991).
MS Thesis:            Saeed Sepasi (2011-present), Cyril Truchot (2009-present), Wei-Bin Gu (1995-97).
BS/MS Interns:      Jordan Melcher (2011-present), Johannes Brodführer (2011-present), Bernhard Lochner (2011), Alexandre Paugam (2011), Ross Eustis (2010), Alan Cheng (2009), Ellann Cohen (2009), My Thu Tran (2008), Morgan Bonnet (2008), Cyril Truchot (2008), Mathieu Hingant (2008), Nicolas Vuillaume (2007), Eloi Beaudrouet (2006), Ruey Hwu (2004-07), Shems A. Vouwzee (2005), Bryan Ho (2004), Christopher Chen (2003), Robert Sumpf (2003), Frank Tien (2003), Benoit Dailliez (2002-03), Jean Trubert (2001), Bart Laeremans (2001), Michael Hintz (2001), Abdelghani Griche (2000), Willy Chupin (2000), Uwe Eschenhorst (2000), Almansor Kerroum (2000), Cléonisse Serrecchia (1999), Wolf-Dietrich Mörgelin (1997).
 
Education: 
Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, 1988
M.S., Chemistry, University of Georgia, 1982
B.S., Chemistry, National Tsing-Hua University, 1977
 
Selected Publications: 
  1. M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part IV. Over-discharge phenomena at room to low temperatures,” to be submitted to J. Electrochem. Soc. (manuscript in revision)
  2. M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part III. Aging through temperature excursions,” to be submitted to J. Electrochem. Soc. (manuscript in revision)
  3. M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Synthesize battery degradation modes via a diagnostic model,” to be submitted to J. Electrochem. Soc. (manuscript in revision)
  4. D.M. Scott, T.H. Tsang, L. Chetty, S. Aloi, B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic understanding of monosaccharide-air flow battery electrochemistry,” J. Power Sources, 196 (2011) 10556.
  5. M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part II. Degradation mechanism under 2C cycle aging,” J. Power Sources, 196 (2011) 10336.
  6. M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part I. Initial characterizations,” J. Power Sources, 196 (2011) 10328.
  7. K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, M. Cugnet, “Investigation of path dependence in commercial lithium-ion cells chosen for plug-in hybrid vehicle duty cycle protocols,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3395.
  8. M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, “Effect of discharge rate on charging a lead-acid battery simulated by mathematical model,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3414.
  9. M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, M-S. Chen, S-S. Chyan, K-C. Han, W-T. Sie, S-H. Wu, “Identifying battery aging mechanisms in large format Li ion cells,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3420.
  10. B.Y. Liaw, “Tackle hurdles in battery technology emerging in future smart applications,” Electrochemistry, 78 (2010) 317.
  11. M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “Origins and accommodation of cell variations in Li-ion battery pack modeling,” Int. J. Energy Res. 34 (2010) 216–231.
  12. M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Identify capacity fading mechanism in a commercial LiFePO4 Cell,” J. Power Sources 194 (2009) 541.
  13. D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Harnessing electric power from monosaccharides ― A carbohydrate-air alkaline fuel cell mediated by redox dyes,” Energy Environ. Sci. 2 (2009) 965–969.
  14. M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “From single cell model to battery pack simulation for Li-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 186 (2009) 500–507.
  15. D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “Sustainable current generation from the ammonia - polypyrrole interaction,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 3216–3222.
  16. V. Svoboda, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ transient study of polymer nano-film growth via simultaneous correlation of charge, mass, and ellipsometric measurements,” Pure Applied Chem. 80 (2008) 2439–2449.
  17. V. Svoboda, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Minteer, E. Piles, D. Lehnert, S. Calabrese Barton, R. Rincon, P. Atanassov, “Standardized characterization of electrocatalytic electrodes,” Electroanalysis 20 (2008) 1099.
  18. D.M. Sun, D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “A potential reconstitution platform for PQQ-dependent apo-enzymes,” Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 11 (2008) B101.
  19. M.J. Cooney, C. Lau, M. Windmeisser, B.Y. Liaw, T. Klotzbach, S.D. Minteer, “Design of chitosan gel pore structure: towards enzyme catalyzed flow-through electrodes,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 667.
  20. M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, T. Quinn, “Vehicle evaluation, battery modeling, and fleet-testing experiences in Hawaii: A roadmap to understanding evaluation data and simulation,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 5 (2007) 1033−1042.
  21. P. Atanassov, C. Apblett, S. Banta, S. Brozik, S. Calabrese Barton, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Mukerjee, S.D. Minteer, “Enzymatic biofuel cell,” Interface 16 (2007) 28-31.
  22. S.D. Minteer, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “Enzyme-based biofuel cells,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology (invited), 18 (2007) 228-234.
  23. B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, “From driving cycle analysis to understanding battery performance in real-life electric hybrid vehicle operation,” (invited) in the Special Issue on Hybrid Electric Vehicles, J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 76.
  24. M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “A roadmap to understand battery performance in electric and hybrid vehicle operation,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 366.
  25. M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Development of a universal modeling tool for rechargeable lithium batteries,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 856.
  26. M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity loss in rechargeable lithium cells during cycle life testing: The importance of determining state-of-charge,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 1121.
  27. M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity and power fading mechanism identification from a commercial cell evaluation,” J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 566-572.
  28. V. Svoboda, M.J. Cooney, C. Rippolz, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ characterization of electrochemical polymerization of methylene green on platinum electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154 (2007) D113-116.
  29. J.C. Viera, M. González, B.Y. Liaw, F.J. Ferrero, J.C. Álvarez, J.C. Campo, C. Blanco, “Characterization of 109 Ah Ni–MH batteries charging with hydrogen sensing termination,” J. Power Sources 171 (2007) 1040.
  30. A. Konash, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, D.M. Jameson, “Characterization of enzyme-polymer interaction using fluorescence,” J. Materials Chem. 16 (2006) 4107.
  31. M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Incremental capacity analysis and close-to-equilibrium OCV measurements to quantify capacity fade in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., 9 (2006) A454.
  32. D.M. Jenkins, B. Chami, M. Kreuzer, G. Presting, A.M. Alvarez, B.Y. Liaw, “Hybridization probe for femtomolar quantification of selected nucleic acid sequences on a disposable electrode,” Anal. Chem. 78 (2006) 2314.
  33. W. Johnston, N. Maynard, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “In situ measurement of activity and mass transfer effects in enzyme immobilized electrodes,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39 (2006) 131.
  34. H. Wenzl, I. Baring-Gould, R. Kaiser, B.Y. Liaw, P. Lundsager, J. Manwell, A. Ruddell, V. Svoboda, “Life prediction of batteries for selecting the technically most suitable and cost effective battery,” J. Power Sources 144 (2005) 373.
  35. M. Dubarry, M. Bonnet, B. Dailliez, A. Teeters, B.Y. Liaw, “Analysis of electric vehicle usage of a Hyundai Santa Fe fleet in Hawaii,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 3 (2005) 657-663.
  36. B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling capacity fade in lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 140 (2005) 157.
  37. W.A. Johnston, B.Y. Liaw, R. Sapra, M.W.W. Adams, M.J. Cooney, “Design and characterization of redox enzyme electrodes: New perspectives on established techniques with application to an extremeophilic hydrogenase,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 36 (2005) 540.
  38. B.Y. Liaw, “Fuzzy-logic based driving pattern recognition for driving cycle analysis,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 2 (2004) 551.
  39. B.Y. Liaw, G. Nagasubramanian, R.G. Jungst, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling of lithium ion cells,” Solid State Ionics 175 (2004) 835.
  40. X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical simulation on fast charging Ni-MH traction batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A265.
  41. X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Self-discharge and charge retention in AB2-based Ni-MH batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A137.
  42. B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, E.P. Roth, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Correlation of Arrhenius behaviors on power and capacity fades, impedance, and static heat generation in lithium ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 874.
  43. R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, B.Y. Liaw, A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, D.H. Doughty, “Accelerated calendar and pulse life analysis of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 870.
  44. B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, K. Bethune, “Integrated battery simulation and characterization,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 217.
  45. B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Reliable fast charge of nickel metal hydride batteries,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 51.
  46. B.Y. Liaw, K.P. Bethune, X.G. Yang, “Advanced integrated battery testing and simulation,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 330.
  47. A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, R.G. Jungst, B.Y. Liaw, “Inductive modeling of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 430.
  48. B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Limiting process and mechanism in rapid charging Ni-MH cells,” Electrochimica Acta 47 (2001) 875.
  49. X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ electrochemical investigations of the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of nickel-metal hydride traction batteries,” J. Power Sources 102 (2001) 186.
  50. X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Rapid charge of traction nickel metal hydride batteries,” J. Power Sources 101 (2001) 158.
  51. X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Charge performance of a commercial nickel metal hydride EV battery system,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 148 (2001) A1023.
  52. T. Quinn, B.Y. Liaw, “Electric vehicle rapid charging infrastructure in Hawaii,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1606, IEEE Transactions J. Engines (2001).
  53. W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, S.M. Li, M.M. Geng, B.Y. Liaw, “Modeling discharge and charge characteristics of nickel-metal hydride batteries,” Electrochimica Acta 44 (1999) 4525.
  54. W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, II. application to nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3418.
  55. C.Y. Wang, W.B. Gu, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, I. model development,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3407.
  56. W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “The use of computer simulation in the evaluation of electric vehicle batteries,” J. Power Sources 75 (1998) 151.
  57. W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical modeling of coupled electrochemical and transport processes in lead-acid batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 144 (1997) 2053.
  58. B.Y. Liaw, R.E. Rocheleau, Q-H. Gao, “Thin film yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia,” Solid State Ionics 92 (1996) 85.
  59. B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Electrochemical studies of kinetic properties of titanium- and vanadium-hydrogen systems at intermediate temperatures using molten salt techniques,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 142 (1995) 2196.
  60. X.Z. Li, G.S. Huang, D.W. Mo, B.Y. Liaw, “The analysis of the neutron emission from the glow discharge in deuterium gas tube and the gas loading in palladium,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 384.
  61. B.Y. Liaw, Y. Ding, “Charging hydrogen into Ni in hydride-containing molten salts,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 63.
  62. B.Y. Liaw, P-L Tao, B.E. Liebert, “Helium analysis of palladium electrodes after molten-salt electrolysis,” Fusion Technology 23 (1993) 92.
  63. B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Investigation of thermodynamic properties of the Ti-H system using molten salt electrolytes containing hydride ions,” J. Alloys and Compounds 189 (1992) 175.
  64. B.Y. Liaw, J. Liu, A. Menne, W. Weppner, “Kinetic principles for new types of solid state ionic gas sensors,” Solid State Ionics 53-56 (1992) 18.
  65. B.Y. Liaw, P-L. Tao, P. Turner, B.E. Liebert, “Elevated-temperature excess heat production in the Pd-D system,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 319 (1991) 161; err. 332 (1992) 371.
  66. B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors based on tetragonal zirconia polycrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 138 (1991) 2478.
  67. B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “Thermodynamic and structural considerations of insertion reactions in lithium vanadium bronze structures,” Solid State Ionics 45 (1991) 323.
  68. B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors using tetragonal zirconia as solid electrolytes,” Solid State Ionics 40/41 (1990) 428.
  69. B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Demonstration of a composite solid/liquid/ solid electrolyte configuration for hydrogen-related applications,” Z. Chem. Phys. N. F. 164 (1989) 1533.
  70. G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Novel electrochemical hydrogen sensors for use at elevated temperatures,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1660.
  71. G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Hydrogen-conducting electrolyte configurations,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1084.
  72. G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Controlled electrolyte environments and their use for studying and modifying materials properties; potentials for employment in practical devices,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1078.
  73. B.Y. Liaw, S.W. Orchard, C. Kutal, “Photobehavior of copper(I) compounds. 4. Role of the triplet-state of (arylphosphine)-copper(I) complexes in the photosensitized isomerization of dienes,” Inorg. Chem. 27(8) (1988) 1309.
  74. B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “The thermodynamics and kinetics of the gamma-lithium vanadium bronze structure,” Solid State Ionics 18/19 (1986) 828.
Additional Publications: 
Bor Yann Liaw

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